“I went from being a heretic inside Compaq to being treated like a prophet.”. But the use of the phrase was not coincidental. They used it to pioneer the idea of using the Internet to deliver software programs to the end users. “It’s ridiculous now, but the big realization we had was that there was going to be an explosion of people using servers not on their premises,” says Favaloro. What is remarkable, he says, is that the cloud he and O’Sullivan imagined 15 years ago has become a reality. For NetCentric, the cloud-computing concept ended in disappointment. The documents, written in late 1996, not only extensively use the phrase “cloud computing,” but also describe in accurate terms many of the ideas sweeping the Internet today. “Computing was bedrock for Compaq, but now this messy cloud was happening,” says Favaloro. Favaloro now heads an environmental consulting firm in Waltham, Massachussetts. The rapid growth of cloud computing is whipping up a storm of change and challenges, opportunities and obstacles for CPA firms. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, Internet, Groupware, & Telecommunications, Head First JavaScript Programming: A Brain-Friendly Guide, Head First Data Analysis: A learner's guide to big numbers, statistics, and good decisions, Head First PHP & MySQL: A Brain-Friendly Guide, Head First Networking: A Brain-Friendly Guide, Head First WordPress: A Brain-Friendly Guide to Creating Your Own Custom WordPress Blog, Head First Mobile Web (Brain-friendly Guides). We lead in modernizing data centers, so they are accessible on the cloud and integrate with new XaaS solutions as well as IoT devices. O’Sullivan located a daily planner, dated October 29, 1996, in which he had jotted down the phrase “Cloud Computing: The Cloud has no Borders” following a meeting with Favaloro that day. Tomorrow's applications won’t live on a single computer but will be deployed from and reside on a virtual server, accessible anywhere, any time. United Overseas Bank (UOB) has become the first organisation in Southeast Asia to adopt VMware Cloud on Amazon Web Services (AWS) for the bank’s hybrid cloud infrastructure. Cloud computer service providers need the necessary infrastructure to deploy billing systems that can track usage by application, compile the information, and then issue a bill for it. The first steps you take will define the end outcome. O’Sullivan thinks it could have been his idea—after all, why else would he later try to trademark it? But amidst all the chatter, there is one question about cloud computing that has never been answered: Who said it first? Its final draft, released this month, begins by cautioning that “cloud computing can and does mean different things to different people.”, “The cloud is a metaphor for the Internet. We call it cloud computing—they should be in a “cloud” somewhere.”, The term began to see wider use the following year, after companies including Amazon, Microsoft, and IBM started to tout cloud-computing efforts as well. We bring up and roll out new apps in a matter of hours. Cloud Computing AT&T Dives Head First into the Cloud. Their vision was detailed and prescient. When Technology Review tracked down NetCentric’s founder, O’Sullivan, he agreed to help dig up paper copies of 15-year-old business plans from NetCentric and Compaq. Back then, such services didn’t exist. That may explain why cloud watchers have generally disregarded or never learned of one unusually early usage—a May 1997 trademark application for “cloud computing” from a now-defunct company called NetCentric. As technology evolved, the idea of cloud computing moved ahead incrementally, with little major advancement until the last year of the 1960s. Mastering Cloud Computing is designed for undergraduate students learning to develop cloud computing applications. Even before the … If mobile was the tremor, cloud is the earthquake. Dive head first into the cloud Our solutions . Eventually, the company went belly up and closed its doors. Servers, networks, storage, applications and services can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. The first is the fact that cloud computing is based on a cost-per-usage model. Tech Crunch wrote about Cisco buying Cliqr to expand hybrid cloud management eWeek wrote about Azure beefing up security Tech Navio predicts expansion of cloud computing in the K-12 eWeek wrote about Google's new cloud development tooling around debugging He approaches technical innovation from a skeptical perspective, with a flair for hands-on empiricism. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Cloud computing is the on-demand delivery of IT resources over the Internet with pay-as-you-go pricing. At the time, O’Sullivan’s startup was negotiating a $5 million investment from Compaq, where Favaloro had recently been chosen to lead a new Internet services group. As a Vice President and Distinguished Engineer on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) team, he’s been hard at work building the basic technology of cloud computing before the first impeccably coiffed consultant first uttered the phrase. Cloud computing has completely revolutionised the way businesses operate. The Singapore-based business will leverage the offering to support its digital innovation journey as it fast-tracks innovation and application development. “And we needed a handle to bring those things together.”. Contact . The company said it was spinning off its legacy technology services business to focus on cloud computing and artificial intelligence. For O’Sullivan’s startup venture, it was a step toward disenchantment and insolvency. We self-administer, everything meshes, we have access everywhere, it’s safe, it’s got great uptime, it’s all backed up, and our costs are tiny,” says Favaloro. Sam Johnston, director of cloud and IT services at Equinix, says cloud computing took hold among techies because it described something important. READ NEXT. Today, file storage and video are among the most used cloud-based applications, according to consultancy CDW. Cloud computing allows anyone with a credit card to provision virtual hardware, runtime environ-ments, and services. Posted by CloudWedge October 6, 2014. That handwritten note and the Compaq business plan, separated by two weeks, are the earliest documented references to the phrase “cloud computing” that Technology Review was able to locate. At the time, telecom networks were already referred to as the cloud; in engineering drawings, a cloud represented the network. After the country’s former IT czar, Vivek Kundra, pushed agencies to move to cheaper cloud services, procurement officials faced the question of what, exactly, counted as cloud computing. In what seems like no time at all, businesses in all sectors have gone from making tentative steps into the cloud to … As the undisputed top provider of virtualization to the enterprise, VMware minted money and gained a foundational presence in corporate IT. Hard drives that would hold e-mails and other electronic clues from those precloud days are long gone. VMware’s first heyday was back before cloud, back when the datacenter ruled IT. “I didn’t think the term helped explain anything to people who didn’t already know what it is.”, The U.S. government has also had trouble with the term. The trademark application was for “educational services” such as “classes and seminars” and was never approved. Diving Head- First into Cloud Computing Considering the strides made in the world of business and technology, chances are you are wrestling with the idea of taking your business to the cloud. “What’s interesting [now] is that there is an emergent new model,” Schmidt said, “I don’t think people have really understood how big this opportunity really is. “We now had a common handle for a number of trends that we had been observing, such as the consumerization and commoditization of IT,” he wrote in an e-mail. But its use is spreading rapidly because it captures a historic shift in the IT industry as more computer memory, processing power, and apps are hosted in remote data centers, or the “cloud.” With billions of dollars of IT spending in play, the term itself has become a disputed prize. If we like them, we keep them, if not, we abandon them. They used it to pioneer the idea of using the Internet to deliver software programs to the end users. Head First Data Analysis: A learner's guide to big numbers, statistics, and good decisions. Cloud computing is a popular option for people and businesses for a number of reasons including cost savings, increased productivity, speed and efficiency, performance, and security. If so, you ought to familiarize yourself with the fundamentals of cloud computing. We will effectively manage and integrate all … 0 Shares. Cloud Computing simply means storing and / or accessing data programs over the internet instead of locally on your computer’s hard drive. 1.1.1 The vision of cloud computing. NetCentric’s software platform was meant to allow ISPs to implement and bill for dozens, and ultimately thousands, of “cloud computing-enabled applications,” according to the plan. One of these services is Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud … Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. As an editor of the Wikipedia entry for cloud computing, Johnston keeps a close eye on any attempts at misappropriation. Both agree that “cloud computing” was born as a marketing term. The notion of network-based computing dates to the 1960s, but many believe the first use of “cloud computing” in its modern context occurred on August 9, … It is a reality that is now growing exponentially. Neither recalls precisely when the phrase was conceived. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. The first cloud computing services are barely a decade old, but already a variety of organizations—from tiny startups to global corporations, government agencies to non-profits—are embracing the technology for all sorts of reasons. References to the phrase "cloud computing" appeared as early as 1996, with the first known mention in a Compaq internal document. It’s imperative that you get it right the first time. The cloud symbol was used to represent networks of computing equipment in the original ARPANET by as early as 1977, and the CSNET by 1981 —both predecessors to the Internet itself. Adopt the right way. Moving into the cloud? Johnston says it’s never been clear who coined the term. Many organizations will have a hybrid or multi-cloud solution for some time as transformations to existing data centers and significant integration to edge and public cloud computing ensue. to Push ‘Cloud Computing,’ Using Data From Afar.” It described vague plans for “Internet-based supercomputing.”. Cloud computing refers to “on-demand” computing services accessed across a network from a third party, rather than an organisation buying and running these technologies itself. “I hated it, but I finally gave in,” says Carl Bass, president and CEO of Autodesk, whose company unveiled a cloud-computing marketing campaign in September. At the time, Netscape’s Web browser was the technology to be excited about and the Yankees were playing Atlanta in the World Series. Of course, some companies will botch this transition terribly and will pay a hefty price in the marketplace. Head in the Cloud Solutions is here to help you get started on your journey and to keep your projects on track. Head First Design Patterns: A Brain-Friendly Guide [Eric Freeman Bert Bates Kathy Sierra Elisabeth Robson] on Amazon.com. Consider the draft version of a January 1997 Compaq press release, announcing its investment in NetCentric, which described the deal as part of “a strategic initiative to provide ‘Cloud Computing’ to businesses.” That phrase was destined to be ages ahead of its time, had not Compaq’s internal PR team objected and changed it to “Internet computing” in the final version of the release. Lots of news this week about cloud computing across the world. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ISSUES IN THE CLOUD Emerging Legal Challenges in the Cloud in the Context of Intellectual Property Introduction By Lenny Thomas Kurakar [1] The interesting thing about cloud computing is that we’ve redefined cloud computing to include everything that we already do. Inside the offices of Compaq Computer, a small group of technology executives was plotting the future of the Internet business and calling it “cloud computing.”. The document accurately predicts that enterprise software would give way to Web-enabled services, and that in the future, “application software is no longer a feature of the hardware—but of the Internet.”. He’d managed to point Compaq (which later merged with HP) toward what became a huge business selling servers to early Internet providers and Web-page hosters, like UUNet. It appears 48 million times on the Internet. for cloud computing, which provides an open environment where computing, storage, and other ser-vices are traded as computing utilities. “We got drawn down a rathole, and we didn’t end up launching a raft of cloud computing apps … that’s something that sticks with me,” says O’Sullivan, who later took a sabbatical from the tech world to attend film school and start a nonprofit to help with the reconstruction of Iraq. “The vision came true.”. Some accounts trace the birth of the term to 2006, when large companies such as Google and Amazon began using “cloud computing” to describe the new paradigm in which people are increasingly accessing software, computer power, and files over the Web instead of on their desktops. In fact, Compaq eventually dropped the term entirely, along with its plans for Internet software. Cloud computing is nothing short of a phenomenon. “There are only two people who could have come up with the term: me, at NetCentric, or George Favaloro, at Compaq … or both of us together, brainstorming,” says O’Sullivan. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. About Head For Cloud. There's a problem loading this menu right now. He was also a constant presence at Compaq’s Texas headquarters at the time. See the rest of our Business Impact report on Business in the Cloud. The group was a kind of internal “insurgency,” recalls Favaloro, that aimed to get Compaq into the business of selling servers to Internet service providers, or ISPs, like AOL. Their new marketing term didn’t catch fire, however—and it’s possible others independently coined the term at a later date. Licklider came up with an idea for an interconnected system of computers. From a storage unit, he dug out a paper copy of a 50-page internal Compaq analysis titled “Internet Solutions Division Strategy for Cloud Computing” dated November 14, 1996. “I now run a 15-person company and, in terms of making us productive, our systems are far better than those of any of big company. Cloud computing still doesn’t appear in the Oxford English Dictionary. In 1969, Licklider’s revolutionary idea helped Bob Taylor and Larry Roberts develop something known as ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network).ARPANET is widely known as the “predecessor of the … That was also when it first appeared in newspaper articles, such as a New York Times report from November 15, 2007, that carried the headline “I.B.M. Analysts estimate that from now and until 2010, the global market of cloud technology will increase at an average rate of +13.3% per year. The government asked the National Institutes of Standards and Technology to come up with a definition. For two men in the room, a Compaq marketing executive named George Favaloro and a young technologist named Sean O’Sullivan, cloud computing would have dramatically different outcomes. #HeadForCloud are experts dedicated to helping small and medium-sized enterprises connect to, and harness the immense power of the Cloud; we are based in the UK but operate world-wide.. We passionately believe that businesses across the globe no matter their scale should have access to the benefits of the Cloud, without needing a budget of £000k's or a team of in … Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a subsidiary of Amazon providing on-demand cloud computing platforms and APIs to individuals, companies, and governments, on a metered pay-as-you-go basis. Head in the Clouds… The Cloud computing technology plays a key role in the digital transformation process in Italy as well as the rest of the world. He was first to raise alarms about Dell’s trademark application and this summer he removed a citation from Wikipedia saying a professor at Emory had coined the phrase in the late 1990s. Cloud computing is one of the hottest buzzwords in technology. Copies of NetCentric’s business plan contain an imaginary bill for “the total e-purchases” of one “George Favaloro,” including $18.50 for 37 minutes of video conferencing and $4.95 for 253 megabytes of Internet storage (as well as $3.95 to view a Mike Tyson fight). For Compaq, it was the start of a $2-billion-a-year business selling servers to Internet providers. Part of: Head First (35 Books) ... Amazon Web Services Scalable Cloud Computing Services: Audible Listen to Books & Original Audio Performances: Book Depository Books With Free Delivery Worldwide: But Technology Review tracked the coinage of the term back a decade earlier, to late 1996, and to an office park outside Houston. By virtue of being a metaphor, it’s open to different interpretations.” And, he adds, “it’s worth money.”, Part of the debate is who should get credit for inventing the idea. Favaloro believes he coined the term. That didn’t matter to Favaloro. introduced the term to an industry conference. These cloud computing web services provide a variety of basic abstract technical infrastructure and distributed computing building blocks and tools. Internet Solutions Division Strategy for Cloud Computing, a nonprofit to help with the reconstruction of Iraq, A quantum experiment suggests there’s no such thing as objective reality, AI has cracked a key mathematical puzzle for understanding our world, Spaceflight does some weird things to astronauts’ bodies, The way we train AI is fundamentally flawed. O’Sullivan gave up using the term as he struggled to market an Internet fax service—one app the spotty network “cloud” of the day could handle. What they were hunting for was a slogan to link the fast-developing Internet opportunity to businesses Compaq knew about. IT Infrastructure Needs Rise as Big Data Proliferates. In the mid-1960s, an American computer scientist named J.C.R. Instead of buying, owning, and maintaining physical data centers and servers, you can access technology services, such as computing power, storage, and databases, on an as-needed basis from a cloud provider like Amazon Web Services (AWS). Like “Web 2.0,” cloud computing has become a ubiquitous piece of jargon that many tech executives find annoying, but also hard to avoid. In 1999, Salesforce became a popular example of using Cloud Computing successfully. In 2008, Dell drew outrage from programmers after attempting to win a trademark on “cloud computing.” Other technology vendors, such as IBM and Oracle, have been accused of “cloud washing,” or misusing the phrase to describe older product lines. Others will seize this moment to build a new, better organization around a cloud-first, customer-focused IT department. NetCentric was a young company developing software that could help make that happen. ... cannot compete head to head with the broad cloud … Bloomberg delivers business and markets news, data, analysis, and video to the world, featuring stories from Businessweek and Bloomberg News on everything pertaining to technology In their plans, the duo predicted technology trends that would take more than a decade to unfold. There have been “many attempts to coopt the term, as well as various claims of invention,” says Johnston. It starts with the premise that the data services and architecture should be on servers. AT&T is perhaps one of the oldest and most respected international telecommunications companies in the world. Exactly which of the men—Favaloro or O’Sullivan—came up with the term cloud computing remains uncertain. The notion of network-based computing dates to the 1960s, but many believe the first use of “cloud computing” in its modern context occurred on August 9, 2006, when then Google CEO Eric Schmidt introduced the term to an industry conference. Not only would all business software move to the Web, but what they termed “cloud computing-enabled applications” like consumer file storage would become common. “That is why there is a raging debate. Head First Desig Now that every technology company in America seems to be selling cloud computing, we decided to find out where it all began. While many firms have embraced the Internet as a place to conduct business more efficiently and effectively, others are holding back, often due to concerns about the security of confidential data and the transition from on-premise computing to applications in the cloud. It’s a rebranding of the Internet,” says Reuven Cohen, cofounder of Cloud Camp, a course for programmers. The first cloud computing services are barely a decade old, but already a variety of organisations—from tiny startups to global corporations, government agencies to non-profits—are embracing the technology for all sorts of reasons.