Juniperus virginiana, commonly known as eastern red cedar or just “cedar tree,” is distributed throughout the eastern half of the United States, where it quickly takes over pastureland or abandoned fields. the red cedar has been officially listed as a reagent in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia since 1916 (ibid.). Fragrant, the scale-like foliage emerges silver-blue and fades slightly to blue-green as the summer progresses. View the full image; View the full image. Dig a hole that is twice as big around as your shipped container and just as deep. Likes an airy site and should not be planted in the middle but on the outside of windbreaks for longest life. There are 2 recognized varieties of Juniperus virginiana: var. The female trees have blue-purple berries that the birds enjoy. If eastern red cedar or arborvitae is used, the spacing may be reduced to 4 to 8 feet. It produces a profusion of dark purple-blue berry-like cones covered with a white wax which gives them an overall silver-gray color. The foliage may turn brown-green in winter. This species will tolerate hot, dry weather better than any evergreen here in Iowa. It's useful for windbreaks or screens. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Red Cedar Juniper, Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) 'Brodie' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave'... PLANTFILES. Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. The tree is noted for its pyramid shape, its fibrous and shedding brown to grayish bark and its green to blue-green long, needle-like leaves. It is purported to be resistant to phomopsis juniper blight (cedar apple rust) and have exceptional cold hardiness. The plant has done well so far. At home in the outdoors, it has a natural resistance to moisture, decay and insect damage. View the full image. A noticeable eddect will be realized by the time the trees are 8 to 10 feet tall. When planted in a double row the trees should be spaced 14 feet apart between plants and rows. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. It has a medium growth rate of 12-24” per year with sticky foliage that is a dull green from spring to fall, and in the winter can be green or turn brown or purple. Eastern Red Cedar is valued for its thick deep green foliage that makes them an ideal choice for use as a privacy screen and shelter for small wildlife. On wet years it can be worse and on dry years seems to disappear. The tree can withstand occasional flooding yet has good drought tolerance. Classic Victorian Western Red Cedar Picket Fence. The Brodie Eastern Red Cedar (often referred to as Brodie Juniper) is one of the most popular cultivars of Juniperus virginiana because of its narrow pyramidal growth habit. It can live a very long life with some specimens in Iowa are over 500 years old on rocky high spots. Eastern redcedar are propagated by seed germination. It tends to bronze in winter in northern climates. Tannenbaum Mugo pine (Pinus mugo var. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. Other common names: eastern redcedar, red juniper, savin, aromatic cedar, pencil cedar. It is a broadly conical, sometimes columnar, dense, evergreen conifer with horizontal branching that typically grows to 30-65’ tall. Found primarily in the United States east of the Rockies, eastern red cedars are members of the Cypress family. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. HOME. Plant trees that come from your native area if possible for best survival. Planting: Eastern Red Cedar Trees are full sun lovers that require at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily.They also prefer moist soil, though they can tolerate dry conditions and most soil types. Spacing- Single row 12 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. Spacing- Single row 10 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. Placement and Spacing. And like many evergreen trees, red cedar plays an important role as nesting and roosting cover for birds and other wildlife in its dense foliage. Soil/climate: Red cedar are tolerant of a wide variety of soils: acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, rich, clay, silty loam, and well drained. Q. Incense Cedar— Libocedrus decurrens Western Red Cedar— Thuja plicata Port Orford Cedar—Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Alaskan Cedar— Chamaecyparis nootkatensis Western Woods Species Groups Standard Species Combinations Spacing: 12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m) Hardiness: USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F) USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F) USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to … It will grow in hardiness zones from 2-9 with the shape being variable from columnar to pyramidal, in the north it tends to be the latter. It is a broadly conical, sometimes columnar, dense, evergreen conifer with horizontal branching that typically grows to 30-65’ tall. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. To make a tight and fast-growing cedar hedge, I start with seedlings around six inches tall. The disease has a minor effect on the eastern redcedar itself. The White pine tree is a recommended windbreak tree with its fast growth and adaptability, except we have found a problem as shown below, in Iowa. Will grow in the poorest of soils and does not prefer the better or moist soils. It seems the higher the soil PH the better this plant likes it and will “grow in the middle of a gravel road” and be happy. Red cedar develops a brownish tint in winter and is sometimes used in windbreaks. On wet years it can be worse and on dry years seems to disappear. Red cedar can be aggressive and needs to be managed. Planting: Plant your Brodie Eastern Red Cedar in full to partial sun (4 to 8 hours of sunlight) and well-drained soil. Early explorers took note of the tree. When properly finished, our Classic Victorian Western Red Cedar Picket Fence will last for decades, even in harsh environments. A 2ft-potted tree can be over 8 ft tall in 5 years in well-drained soil, low moisture, and weed and grass control at the base of the tree. Eastern Red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana) General Description A small tree with a short trunk and irregular, pyramidal crown native to the eastern United States. Run a string between two or more stakes along the line where you intend to plant the cedar hedge. Cedar boughs were used for bedding. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. Red Cedar Trees Are Fast Growing Evergreens. Brodie Eastern Red Cedar. Air layering and grafting are also effective. *Apple and hawthorn trees should not be planted near red cedar trees due to disease problems (cedar-apple rust). Eastern red cedar juniper is a good choice for a plant screen. Brodie Eastern Red Cedar. But the aforementioned cultivars are propagated by rooted cutting. Red Cedar Trees Are Fast Growing Evergreens. When planted in a double row the trees should be spaced 14 feet apart between plants and rows. This destroyed the livelihood of millions of farmers, with the dry soil literally blowing away. Apple-Cedar Rust Gall on Eastern Redcedar Tree The eastern redcedar should be planted a minimum of 500’ away from apple trees. Allow a minimum of 10 to 12 feet between trees when planting as specimens. They are 1/16" in length and lay opposite or in whorls of 3. Spacing- Single row 12 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. Soil/climate: Red cedar are tolerant of a wide variety of soils: acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, rich, clay, silty loam, and well drained. This helps get all the trees in a straight line. Plants are either male or female. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. The red Cedar when planted in windbreaks can be effected by a serious fungal disease called phonopsis that usually starts at the bottom of the tree and spreads up the tree. 1. It is a medium-sized evergreen that can grow to be 66-feet tall. It can live a very long life with some specimens in Iowa are over 500 years old on rocky high spots. The red cedar (sometimes called Florida Red Cedar) is the ultimate in an outdoor Christmas tree, and though its form is pyramidal it can grow wider as it matures. Calculate the space you have, especially if you’re planning a hedge or border, and ensure you have enough room to have enough spacing for the number of trees. Bird lovers will want to have their camera and binoculars out, because, in the winter, small blue berries appear, attracting birds in droves. Keep bare root seedlings moist. Wind and ice storms sometimes damage its small root system and weak wood. Eastern red cedar is a common coniferous species found in every State east of the 100th meridian. The Brodie Eastern Red Cedar (often referred to as Brodie Juniper) is one of the most popular cultivars of Juniperus virginiana because of its narrow pyramidal growth habit. Among the best of the shrubby, spreading junipers, award-winning Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' (Eastern Red Cedar) is a compact, wide-spreading evergreen conifer with arching main branches covered with soft dusty silver-gray scale-like foliage. It's useful for windbreaks or screens. [2] X Research source If you are growing a cedar hedge, the outermost branches of the bottom foliage should be roughly an inch apart when the trees are planted. Likes an airy, sunny site. Excellent plant for dry sandy areas where other species would not survive. Culture Eastern Red Cedar is valued for its thick deep green foliage that makes them an ideal choice for use as a privacy screen and shelter for small wildlife. Taylor juniper, Juniperus virginiana 'Taylor', is a tall, narrow variety of eastern red cedar. When planted in more than a double row they should be spaced 20 feet apart. Eastern red cedar juniper is a good choice for a plant screen. The wood of red cedar is very durable, and was used for lance shafts, bows, and other items. The female plants have a large number of berries that many kinds of birds eat. Red cedar can be aggressive and needs to be managed. The typical form is that of a broad spreading, upright growing evergreen capable of reaching 50 feet tall, with a height to spread ration of 2:1. Deer will usually not eat this species, have seen some damage by rabbits in a very bad winter. Spacing--single row -16 ft apart, Double row -20ft between rows and plants, Multiple rows -22ft or more between trees and rows. Plant trees that come from your native area if possible for best survival. It produces a profusion of dark purple-blue berry-like cones covered with a white wax which gives them an overall silver-gray color. Plant spacing requirements depend on species and desired density. Juniperus virginiana, commonly called Eastern red cedar, is native to Missouri where it typically occurs on limestone bluffs and glades, wood margins, fields, pastures and fence rows throughout the state except for the southeastern lowlands (Steyermark). Color: Green Shades Height: 15-20 Feet Spread: 6-7 Feet Zone: 3-8 What is my zone? The White pine tree is a recommended windbreak tree with its fast growth and adaptability, except we have found a problem as shown below, in Iowa. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. The red Cedar when planted in windbreaks are usually not effected by a fungal disease called phonopsis if they get full sun exposure. Spacing Redcedars are spaced 6 to 10 feet apart. Best suited for a somewhat spacious landscape, red cedars can be used singly or planted in rows to form a privacy screen or tall hedge. Planting: Eastern Red Cedar Trees are full sun lovers that require at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily. It is native to most of the US from Canada to Florida and Texas. This species will tolerate hot, dry weather better than any evergreen here in Iowa. These medium sized evergreen trees provide outstanding shelter for many birds and mammals during the winter and make for excellent color in the landscape during otherwise drab months. It is highly adapted to a wide range of sites and has the highest survival rate of any conifer planted in Nebraska. A 2ft-potted tree can be over 8 ft tall in 5 years in well-drained soil, low moisture, and weed and grass control at the base of the tree. After planting, add a layer of mulch to help the ground retain moisture. Courtesy Neil Sperry. Other common names: eastern redcedar, red juniper, savin, aromatic cedar, pencil cedar. You can tell how rugged Eastern Red Cedar is by this – in the 1930s there was a farming disaster on the Prairies – the Dustbowl. Mature Height and Spread: Red Cedar may grow up to 50 ft. high and have an 8-20 ft. spread. The feathery texture and dark green color make Brodie Eastern Redcedar perfect for screens, narrow hedges, or as a specimen. This technique guarantees progeny with genetic characteristics identical to the parent plant. The following article contains information about caring for an eastern red cedar tree and oth… Strong upright form; Deep green, finely textured foliage; Native; Berries attract birds; Deer resistant; Drought tolerant; Deep green foliage fills strongly upright stems forming a tall, fine textured evergreen. Fragrant, the scale-like foliage emerges silver-blue and fades slightly to blue-green as the summer progresses. For best results plant on inside or outside of windbreaks to give maximum wind and sun exposure. Plant the seeds by gently pushing the seeds ¼ inch into the soil. It seems the higher the soil PH the better this plant likes it and will “grow in the middle of a gravel road” and be happy. It tends to bronze in winter in northern climates. It has a medium growth rate of 12-24” per year with sticky foliage that is a dull green and in the winter can turn brown or purple. Dig a hole that is twice as big around as your shipped container and just as deep. And like many evergreen trees, red cedar plays an important role as nesting and roosting cover for birds and other wildlife in its dense foliage. *Apple and hawthorn trees should not be planted near red cedar trees due to disease problems (cedar-apple rust). Materials: Only corrosion resistant nails or staples shall be used in applying Eastern White Cedar shingles, hip and ridge units and starters. Management techniques used to control eastern red-cedar and technical guidance options available to resource managers are reviewed. The female red cedar has showy purple-blue fruits which attract birds. Stainless steel (Type 304 or 316), aluminum, or hot-dipped zinc-coated steel nails and stainless steel staples have proven to give good service. The red cedar also carries a fungus (a gooey glob of orange tentacles on its branches) that causes a leaf and fruit spot on apple trees, so if you want to grow some apple trees also consider this problem.