She holds a master's degree in journalism. As mentioned, the Willow Oak is an excellent shade tree and is one of the few that offers the ability to properly garden beneath; whether it be lawns or beds. My 30 gallon Willow Oak, purchased from Barber Nursery, was planted in October 2015. Seasonal interest: willow-like leaves are a unique foliage shape for an oak; beautiful fall color Babylonica growth rates are quantified in terms of tree height, base trunk diameter, leaf stem length, and root growth rate (N= 3). Hightower Willow Oak. BOTANICAL NAME. Willow bark can also contain aspirin-like compounds, so these plants are an essential component of materia medica down through the ages, used by housewives and apothecaries alike. After that, however, the rate of growth slows down, but remains rapid. Check it out. Merging the elegance of the Willow Tree with the easy, fast-growing shade of your favorite neighborhood Oak, the Willow Oak Tree imparts grace and vibrant green hues to your landscape. because the pin oak, Quercus palustris, is also a common landscape tree. 3)Leaf type: simpleLeaf margin: entire ... Willow oak is a tough tree well adapted to urban conditions, but can develop chlorosis of high pH soils so be sure to plant on only acid or neutral soil. will reward one with grand stature and become a lasting monument to the person who willow oak. Willow Oak end of June 2019 (right), and early July 2020 (left). It is monoecious; insignificant separate male and female catkins appear in spring. Soil quality and its use here in Arkansas. This species usually has more height than spread; commonly growing 40 to 70 feet tall and 25 to 50 feet wide at maturity but has been recorded surpassing 100 feet tall. a thick corky bark. - Ash have invasive, shallow root systems. long and wide. grow faster and to a larger size in bottomland sites or areas with reasonably fertile Growth rate is vigorous with a much more fibrous root system than most Willow Oaks. If you have the space to accommodate its large size and wide-spreading root system, you’ll be rewarded with quick shade. Quercus phellos, the willow oak, is a North American species of a deciduous tree in the red oak group of oaks.It is native to the eastern and central United States from Long Island Sound south to northern Florida, and west to southernmost Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. Leaf stems from the full size tree and leaf stems from the rooted branch also grow at the same rate, 4 m/yr. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions and some salty conditions. Willow Oak Quercus phellos Category: Deciduous Growth Rate: Fast Adaptability: Full sun Shape: Pyramidal and Rounded Size: 50-75’ tall, 35-50 wide Fall Color: Yellow Wildlife Value: Acorns can be an important source of food for wildlife. Prefers moist, acidic, loose soils, but is adaptable to dry to medium moisture. Willow oak trees (Q. phellos) reach up to 75 feet in height and are considered rapid growers with new growth of 25 feet every 12 years. Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Cultivated Willow Oak is represented in the industry by seedling material reproduced by acorn. Although the tallest recorded stands at an impressive 123 feet, under normal conditions you can expect around 60 feet and this is achieved at a faster rate than many other trees of its ilk, with up to two feet of growth expected per year in ideal conditions. Live oak normally tops out between 40 and 80 feet, and may reach widths of 60 to 100 feet. Establishment Natural regeneration is principally through sprouts from stumps of small trees and advance reproduction. We think you will be too! The leaf is tipped with a single Willow oak is well adapted to moist, well-drained, acid soils and full sun or light shade. Description: Hardy Range: 6 to 9 Mature Height: 55’ Mature Spread: 30’ Growth Rate: 16 years to maturity Form: pyramidal when young, rounded when older Persistence: deciduous. Instead, willow oaks have narrow willow … By: Gerald Klingaman, retired Extension Horticulturist - Ornamentals Extension News - January 21, 2000. Second, it … No need for pruning willow oak trees! It averages about two feet of growth a year once established. It has cascading, narrow, willow-like leaves, which turn yellow, bronze-orange, yellow-brown, or russet-red in fall. Ascendor® is upright, but with a moderate branch angle that is much less likely to develop included bark as compared to other upright trees we have evaluated. "Forest Ecology and Management 449 (2019): 117446. Willow Oak has seen the job market increase by 2.9% over the last year. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow-brown or dull gold … The willow oak grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 30–40' at maturity. People often ask for fast-growing shade trees, but that trait should be way down Providing unbiased information to enable educated votes on critical issues. Research-based connection to government and policy issues. Although it is technically an evergreen, it usually loses and regrows its leaves in a several-week period during spring. Willow oaks are in the medium growth rate group with trees such as pin oaks, red maples, sweet gums and green ash. It sprouts from root collars and roots, so you may leave suckers to form colonies or prune them out for a single landscape tree. Fast growth has become the name of the game in the world of landscaping, and the silver maple is a champ in this department. We would love for you to visit our nursery in person. Growth Rate: A … It is winter hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10, and while it often grows as a tall, spreading tree, it may also grow as a low shrub in scrubby bottomlands. Growth rate is affected and inhibited by common problems like pests and disease. Willow oak (Quercus phellos) The native willow oak is similar in size, shape and growth rate to the last two species. had the forethought to plant them. What’s wrong with my plants? Flower: catkins. Widely used as a shade tree, in parks, and to line streets and boulevards, the fast-growing willow oak can reach over 70 feet in height with more than a 40 to 50 foot spread. Quercus phellos, commonly called willow oak, is a medium to large, deciduous oak tree of the red oak group that is noted for its oak shape, willow-like leaves and relatively fast growth rate.It is native to the Southeastern United States, typically being found in moist bottomland soils. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Upperton® Willow Oak was found growing in a parking lot island by Georgia plantsman Ray Tate. By naming things we are supposed to -- at least in theory -- reduce confusion, but Willow Oak is an attractive, medium-sized, deciduous tree, which offers good texture and form. of about 15 inches. * Redding et al, “Growth, Biomass, and Trim/Chip Time Reduction Following Application of Flurprimidol Tree Growth Regulator” Journal Of Arboriculture 20(1); January 1994. "Drivers of Individual Tree Growth and Mortality in an Uneven-Aged, Mixed-Species Conifer Forest. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. This creates real confusion Its name comes from its leaves, which are small, narrow, and very similar in appearance to those of a willow … Willow Oak Tree Seedlings - Quercus Phellos is a Handsome, Medium Growth Rate Deciduous. This quick growth rate makes them a popular target for logging and other cultivation activities. First, its lower branches hang all the way to the ground, making it impossible to walk, mow, or park a car beneath it. Willow-Like Foliage, Easy-Growing Oak Benefits Why Willow Oak Trees? In this study,bareroot and container water oak and willow oak seedlings were treated at 3 different levels of nitrogen. Get your Willow Oak … However, it should not be confused with the real cork oak, Q. Willow-like leaves emerge light to bright green in summer, transitioning to yellow and red in the fall. Sarah Moore has been a writer, editor and blogger since 2006. They are in the red oak group but do not have the characteristic lobed leaves of the red oaks. Known for its prevalence on old plantations in the Southern U.S., the live oak (Quercus virginiana) is the quintessential shade tree, especially as it only loses its leaves for a few weeks during spring. This tree species will only stand between 10-15 feet tall and 20-25 feet wide after 10 or 12 years. The only exception is if another branch is competing for growth … Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. Widely used as a shade tree, in parks, and to line streets and boulevards, the fast-growing Willow Oak can reach over 70 feet in height with more than a 40 to 50 foot spread (Fig. acorns are one of the smallest of the genus and usually measure about one-half inch Live oak tolerates wet as well as moist soil conditions, as long as the site is well-draining. Willow oak is well adapted to moist, well-drained, acid soils and full sun or light shade. Car ownership in Willow Oak, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household. It is adaptable to a variety of soil types. Please consult your local Extension Guiding entrepreneurs from concept to profit. bristle indicating it is a member of the red oak group. If well-sited, a live oak should reach its mature shape and size in 75 years or less. Learn more about willow oak tree care in this article. Of course, like any other plant, there are variables that affect the growth rate of the common weeping willow tree. Willow oaks transplant readily and will grow in a wide array of soils. SHAPE: Oval-rounded. Problems. willow oak fits this tree nicely because the leaf looks more like that of a willow Pin oak owes its popularity to its fast growth, pyramidal shape, and red fall foliage. Growing willow oak trees is easy and very rewarding. Native shade tree - own root. One of the interesting facts about willow oak trees is their relation to red oaks. For a current distribution map, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. It averages about two feet of growth a year once established. Growth Rate: A … Willow oak (Quercus phellos) The native willow oak is similar in size, shape and growth rate to the last two species. Introduction. Pin oaks (Q. palustris) exhibit a rapid annual growth rate of 18 inches; tree height reaches 70 feet. Due to live oak’s year-round foliage and broad, spreading habit, it makes a good shade tree for lawns or other wide-open spaces. Once established they tolerate drought well. Growth rate: fastTexture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Roots can interfere with sidewalks and other infrastructure. Equipping individuals to lead organizations, communities, and regions. Description: Willow oak is a deciduous tree of the red oak group that is noted for its oak shape, willow-like leaves and While they prefer moist, well-drained soil, they will thrive in almost any kind of soil and are wind, salt, and drought tolerant, making them popular in urban landscapes lining broad streets or filling in parking lot islands. (See, this is the kind of interesting trivia you just won't find in other blogs.) Soil. DBH (inches) × Growth Factor = Estimated Age of Tree (years) Example: Let's say we want to estimate the age of a white oak that has the following features: Circumference: 80 inches; Diameter: 25.46 inches (80 divided by 3.141592) Growth Factor: 5.0 Willow oak is sometimes grown in hardwood plantations since it gives a good combination of pulping characteristics and a high rate of growth. Licensing for forestry and wildlife professionals. Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food & Life Sciences. than it does most oaks. You can then estimate the age of the tree by multiplying this growth factor by the DBH in inches. Ivy is a common companion plant. Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds. The strength of the willow oak can be seen by its majestic size and its rapid rate of growth as although it can typically grow to around 60 feet in height, in optimal conditions it can grow to and incredible 100 feet. The leaves make great landscape mulch and are not as apt to smother the It is very sensitive to freezing temperatures, and should not be planted where these are a risk. Its name comes from its leaves, which are small, narrow, and very similar in … Please check your local nursery or other Long flexible whip-like growth is essential to basket making and the weaving of wattle fences. Live oak is initially a very fast-growing tree, and may reach heights of 4 feet within the first year. The old tree roots and new branch roots grow at the same rate, 6 cm/yr. elevations and associated with oak, birch, elm, hazel, privet, willow and aspen. Willow Oak has an unemployment rate of 4.1%. Maintenance calendar, and best practices. 1860 - Willow Oak (Quercus phellos) SIZE: 50’ to 70’ tall by 40’ wide. Fall color: bronze-orange and deep red. More information about the willow oak (Quercus phellos). Willow oaks are named after their willow-like leaves and they are found in moist, wet growing conditions; also reminiscent of willows. fall and quickly dislodge themselves from the tree, not hanging on over winter like Fien, Erin K. P., et al. Adaptable to moisture fluctuations. Sources and Further Information . If there is room in the landscape, one should always plant trees that on the list of criteria used when selecting a shade tree. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 43.7%, which is higher than the US average of 33.5%.